What is GMAT?
It is a computer adaptive assessment test that assesses four sections: analytical writing skills, integrated reasoning skill, verbal, and quantitative skills. The intention of test is to get admission in global business schools. It is one of the parts of the application process. It can be taken up to five times a year but no more than 8 times total. There is minimum age requirement that is 18 years but there is no upper age limit. The test takers should be at least graduate, as it is master degree, though it is no where mentioned officially. The score ranges 200 to 800 but each section has different analysis system.
Duration: 3 hours, 07 minutes (break excluded: it is optional)
AWA (analytical writing assessment) 30 minutes, 1 question (topic)
IR (integrated reasoning) 30 minutes, 12 questions
Q (quantitative) 62 minutes, 31 questions
V (verbal) 65 minutes, 36 questions
Let us have a short Note topic wise:
AWA (analytical writing assessment)
As name suggests writing assessment, it is a test of writing skills that analyze the written argument of given topic. A brief argument similar to a paragraph is given and the test taker is tasked critiquing the author’s argument, analyzing the soundness of the author’s evidence and reasoning. Its score is not added in main score though college wants minimum grade that ranges 1 to 6. The grade number is: 0 not attempted or out of the concept, 1 for deficient, 2 for flawed, 3 for limited, 4 for adequate, 5 for strong and 6 for outstanding. Essay is scored by both a human grader and a computer grading system. Final grade is averaged, in case it grade differs another human, then another human reads and scores.
IR (integrated reasoning)
It is designed to measure a test taker’s ability to evaluate data presented in multiple formats from multiple sources. It consists of 12 questions in four different formats: graphics interpretation, two-part analysis, table analysis, and multi-source reasoning. The score ranges from 1 to 8, though its score is not added in final score.
Let us understand types of question. It has four types: table analysis, graphics interpretation, multi-source reasoning, and two-part analysis. Table analysis section appears with a table of information to analyze. Each question is with several statements with opposite-answer options (e.g., true/false, yes/no). Graphics interpretation questions ask test takers to interpret a graph or graphical image. Each question has fill-in-the-blank statements with pull-down menus. Multi-source reasoning questions are accompanied by two to three sources of information presented on tabbed pages. All the relevant information, which may be a combination of text, charts, and tables to answer either traditional multiple-choice or opposite-answer (e.g., yes/no, true/false) questions, is clicked. Two-part analysis questions involve two components for a solution. Possible answers are given in a table format with a column for each component and rows with possible options.
Q or Quant (quantitative)
It is a test of the content and analytical knowledge of basic math concepts, including arithmetic and number properties, algebra, and geometry. It consists of two types one is data sufficiency and another is problem solving. Data Sufficiency questions consist of a question and two statements of data. Problem Solving questions use high school–level math up to algebra and plane geometry to test critical thinking skills. it is a classic standardized test question type in which five possible answer choices are given.
It is designed to test the command of standard written English, the skill in analyzing arguments, and the ability to read critically. It has three sections: SC (sentence correction), CR (critical reasoning), and RC (reading comprehension). SC questions require to find out the best version of the underlined section out of the original or one of four alternatives. The sentence may contain no errors, or it may contain one, two, or more errors. The best option is based on formal writing grammar and intended meaning. CR questions test the skills involved in making and evaluating arguments, as well as formulating a plan of action. A short argument or a series of statements and a question relating to it are presented. Succeeding on Critical Reasoning questions requires understanding the structure of arguments and rigorous logical analysis of the connections between evidence and conclusions. RC questions test the critical reading skills, more specifically, the ability to summarize the main idea, differentiate between ideas stated specifically and those implied by the author, make inferences based on information in a text, analyze the logical structure of a passage, and deduce the author’s tone and attitude about a topic. The academic reading passage on a topic related to business, social science, biological science, or physical science is presented and asked 3–4 questions about that text.