What is TOEFL?
TOEFL is a standardized test to measure the English language ability of non-native speakers. The test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions. It is probably the best-known and most commonly used English proficiency test in USA. It is accepted by about all American universities. It has two formats one is computer based test and another is paper based test. The test is scored on a scale of 0 to 120 points. Each of the four sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) receives a scaled score from 0 to 30. The final score is totaled including all four. The score is valid for two years.
Duration: 4 hours
Reading: 54-72 minutes
Listening: 41-59 minutes
Break Mandatory 10 minutes
Speaking: 17 minutes
Writing: 55 minutes
Let us have a short Note topic wise:
Analytical Writing (AW)
AW also called essay section measures articulation of thoughts and responses to complex ideas in a clear and reasoned way. It has two tasks. Task one is to “Analyze an Issue” and another is to “Analyze an Argument.”
Issue Task: issue topics are taken from a pool of questions that are GRE own publication. The test taker is given 30 minutes to write an essay about it.
It is an argument that is a series of facts and considerations leading to a conclusion and the test taker is asked to write an essay that critiques the argument. Test expects to consider the argument’s logic and to make suggestions about how to improve the logic of the argument. It is also hoped to address the logical flaws of the argument and not provide a personal opinion on the subject in 30 minutes.
Verbal Reasoning (VR)
It is a test of the ability to analyze written material, as well as relationships among component parts of sentences, including words and concepts. The questions appear in several formats. It assesses reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and vocabulary usage. Each verbal section consists of 20 questions to be completed in 30 minutes. The section consists of about 6 text completion, 4 sentence equivalence, and 10 critical reading questions.
Text Completion: It asks to fill in the blank to complete sentences. Variations include 1-, 2-, and 3-blank questions. Time per question is given about 1–1.5 minutes. Knowledge of vocabulary helps solving such questions.
Sentence Equivalence: It requires filling in a single blank with two choices that create two coherent sentences that are logically similar in meaning. Time per question is given about 1 minute.
Reading Comprehension: it is based on passages of one or more paragraphs that develop an explanation or argument on a topic. It expects to get central ideas presented in the text and the structure of a text, research details in the passage and draw valid inferences from it. The questions require strategic reading and paraphrasing skills. The average of 1–3 minutes on reading a passage and 1 minute per question is given.
Quantitative Reasoning (QR)
This section tests basic quantitative skills, as well as the ability to reason and solve problems with quantitative methods. The questions cover basic arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis. It assesses basic high school level mathematical knowledge and reasoning skills. Each quantitative section consists of 20 questions. Each quantitative section consists of about 8 quantitative comparisons, 9 problem solving items, and 3 data interpretation questions.
Quantitative Comparison : This section expects to compare two quantities—Quantity A and Quantity B—and to identify the relationship between the two. Problem Solving
Problem Solving: The questions are standard multiple-choice questions, with five choices and one correct answer. Variants include questions that ask to select one or more answers from a list of choices (multiple-choice all-that-apply) and questions that ask to enter the answer in a box.
It can be either verbal or quantitative and contains new questions that are considered to be used in future. The score is not added in main score. This section is unidentified means test takers have no definite way of knowing which section is experimental, therefore it is advised that test takers try their best and be focused on every section.